Rastafarianism is an afro-centric religious and social movement based in the Caribbean island of Jamaica. Stemming from the roots of Rastafari in rising against the post-colonial oppression of poor blacks, Rastas typically come from disadvantaged backgrounds. Especially difficult economic hardships in Jamaica saw a distinctive rise in the movement’s following. At the time of Jamaica’s independence in the 1960’s, virtually all Rastafarians were members of the 79 percent of the population classified as lower class (Waters, 50). In the past few decades, however, especially through the influence of Reggae music, the movement has gained a more international and cosmopolitan following.